Center for Environment, Commerce & Energy

Trip To China

The Center for Environment, Commerce & Energy (Center) went to China for two weeks to tour nuclear power plants and to examine other options for cleaning the air and reducing global warming. It is our belief that if China is not participating in global warming programs, then the programs are irrelevant. Although there are great challenges in the United States for achieving clean air and reducitions in greenhouse gases (GHGs), we believe China and the U.S. can cooperate to mitigate groundlevel smog and global warming.

The Center is promoting the expanded use of nuclear power in China.  There are ten nuclear reactors at six facilities currently operating in China with five reactors under construction.  There are plans to build 30 to 40 more reactors in the next decade.  Although this is an aggressive plan to expand the use of nuclear power, we believe it is inadequate to meet electricity demand and to reduce global warming emissions from China. 

Center Vice President Derry Bigby and Center President getting ready for 17 hours in the air

The Center believes nuclear power has to be the cornerstone of any strategy for producing emission free electricity. As such, we designed a trip to China to examine their state-of-the art technology and current nuclear power plant building projects. We also intend to promote an accelerated nuclear power plant building program in China. Although there are plans to build about 30 plants over the next decade, we believe China needs to pursue a 'Great Nuclear Wall' that would include approximately 400 new reactors over the next two decades. China produced a 'Wonder of the World' by constructing the Great Wall. We sincerely believer that China has the genius and wherewithal to provide at least fifty percent of its electricity from nuclear power before 2050.

The Center will also promote the use of carbon offsets based on increased use of nuclear power as a tool for mitigating global climate change.  Nuclear power has been excluded as a source of offsets in greenhouse gas reduction programs in the United States and within the Kyoto Protocol.  We will work to establish nuclear power as a legitimate source of greenhouse gas reductions through the use of the United Nations Certified Emissions Reductions (CER) and the Clean Development Mechanism. (CDM). China is currently examing the feasibility of partticipating in a Post Kyoto climate change treaty.

Photo: Norris McDonald, John Conyers, Zhang Xiaoping & Derry Bigby (right)

Center President Norris McDonald and Vice President Derry Bigby began the trip to China by greeting Congressman John Conyers (D-MI) and Congressman Eni Faleomavaega at Dulles Airport and sharing our itinerary. We also briefly met with Congressman Conyers at the Hyatt Hotel in Beijing before his heavy meeting schedule. Congressman Conyers is Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee and was in China to meet with high-ranking government and business leaders for purposes of strengthening US-China relations. Congressman Eni Faleomavaega, Chairman of the Foreign Affairs' Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, was leading the congressional delegation, which also included Congresswoman Diane Watson of California.

The Center promotes plug-in fuel cell hybrid electric vehicles as the complement to emission free nuclear power as the other emission free technology that can significantly reduce global warming and smog. We will promote production of such vehicles in Detroit with possible investments and technical assistance for Detroit from China. Of course, we will include the rank and file. For more, click on the links below:

McDonald and Bigby met Center China Office Director Zhang Xiaoping in Beijing. Her translation services were invaluable during the entire trip. The Center recruited Ms. Zhang and established the office in China in 2006.  The purpose of this office is to protect the environment in China, particularly in the areas of air pollution and global warming.  The Center China Office gives us standing regarding environmental issues in China and serves to facilitate mutually beneficial projects with the United States.  The office also provides us with efficient outreach capacity and translation services.

Norris McDonald, Derry Bigby & Zhang Xiaoping in Beijing

The Center went to China for two weeks to examine environmental conditions, meet with industry and government officials and to examine energy and agricultural projects. The Center toured the new Generation Four nuclear technology being developed by Tsinghua University, a chemical manufacturing facility and the oldest and largest nuclear facility in Asia.

Pebble Bed Modular Reactor

The Pebble Bed Modular Reactor represents an almost entirely new way of using nuclear power to generate electricity. China is leading the way in developing this new Generation Four technology. Center staff received a complete technical briefing by Tsinghua University physicists from the Insititute for Nuclear and New Energy Institute (INET). Powerpoint presentations provided us with a comprehensive description of the project. The INET staff then drove us about 40 miles west of Beijing to the actual research reactor. There is a model of the PBMR in the foyer of the reactor building. We toured the control room for the reactor. INET is also developing other projects, including wind, fuel cell and wastewater treatment.

Although we have a policy of not describing security measures at nuclear facilites, let us just say that the measures we observed were unlike any being utilized in the United States.

Dr. Wang Hong, Norris and Xiaoping in front of PBMR Model and in front of PBMR Building at right

China is developing a Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR) for power generation.  The 10-megawatt prototype is called the HTR-10 and is being developed under a research program at Tsinghua University in Beijing.  Most Chinese university rankings place Tsinghua first in China. Tsinghua University’s Nuclear and New Energy Technology Program is also examining the feasibility of using the high temperature gas of a PBMR to crack steam to produce hydrogen, which can serve as fuel for vehicles.  With the exception of South African utility Eskom, this is the only active development of PBMR technology in the world. Norris and Xiaoping are pictured at right in front of the PBMR building.

China intends to commercialize the technology by building 200 MW modular PBMR units for use throughout the country. China plans to build two PBMR nuclear power plants in the coastal city of Weihai, in Shandong province, according to city officials. The two plants will be located in the Rushan and Rongcheng districts of Weihai. The projects are awaiting final approval. China will begin building a new generation pebble-bed nuclear reactor in Weihai with the aim of making the technology commercially viable by 2020.  China plans to quadruple its nuclear generation by building 40 new reactors in the next 15 years.  This plan is insufficient to to meet the electricity needs of China, particularly emission free generation.  The Center believes China needs ten times this number of plants to meet China’s electricity needs and to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.   

The Center will promote a mix of nuclear technologies, including the Advanced Burner Reactor, to meet the electricity needs of mainland China and Hong Kong. China and the United States have signed an agreement that supports the transfer of nuclear technology to China. Westinhouse Electric Company wants to build 4 nuclear power plants in China. The agreement was signed by China's minister for the National Development and Reform Commission and U.S. Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman.Westinghouse wants to build facilities at Sanmen in Zhejiang Province and at Yangjiang in Guangdong Province. Westinghouse wants the plants up by 2013. Westinghouse wants to build its new AP 1000 nuclear power plant. Shaw Group Inc (Westinghouse's U.S. engineering and construction services contractor) signed a companion agreement with China's State Nuclear Power Technology Company to work out details for the contract and construction.

Dr. Wang Hong, Norris McDonald, Xiaoping, Dr. Dong Yujie (Director), & Derry Bigby

The Center spent two days in Beijing at Tsinghua University to examine the Nuclear and New Energy Technology Program.  We intend to discuss methods to assist in the commercialization of PBMR technology in China and the United States. 

CLP Group and Tour of Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant Complex

Center staff met with CLP Holdings Limited in Hong Kong and met with Dr.Gail Kendall, Director, Group Environmental Affairs and Simeon Cheng, Group Environmental Manager to discuss environmental and energy issues in Hong Kong. CLP Headquarters is located on the 20th floor of the Grand Century Power in Mongkok, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Our group staryed in Kowloon instead of on Hong Kong Island.

The CLP Group invited the Center to tour the Daya Bay nuclear power plant and to discuss energy and environmental projects.  Founded in Hong Kong in 1901, CLP is one of the largest electricity investor-operators in the Asia Pacific region.  CLP owns 25% of Guangdong Nuclear Power Joint Venture Company, Ltd (GNPJVC), which in turns owns the Guangdong Nuclear Power Station (GNPS) at Daya Bay.  In Hong Kong, CLP operates a vertically integrated electricity generation, transmission and distribution business, which is regulated by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) government agency. With an installed generation capacity of 6,597.5 megawatts and a transmission and distribution network of some 12,000 kilometres.  Guangdong Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station was the first, and is the largest, commercial nuclear power plant in China.  The power station has an installed capacity of about 1,900 MW.  It began operation in 1994 and CLP buys 70 per cent of the plant's output to supply Hong Kong's power needs and the balance is consumed in Guangdong Province.

Simeon Cheng, Norris McDonald, Dr. Gail Kendall, Zhang Xiaoping & Derry Bigby

The nuclear power plant complex is composed of two power stations: 1) Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station and 2) Lingao Nuclear Power Station. The complex is located at Daya Bay about 28 miles (45 km) away from Shenzhen City and 31 miles (50 km) away from Hongkong. Current (2007) total capacity at the complex is 3,764 MWe, which will expand to 5,640 MWe when the two Lingao units go online. The United States should follow this example of placing six reactors in one location.

Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station has two reactors and construction began on August 7, 1987: Unit 1 (944 MWe) began power operations on August 31, 1993 and Unit 2 (944 MWe) began power operations on February 2, 1994.  The reactors were designed and built by the French national company, Framatome (with Chinese participation).  Guangdong Nuclear Power Joint Venture Co., Ltd was established in 1985, invested jointly by the Guangdong Nuclear Power Investment Co., Ltd and Hongkong Nuclear Power Investment Co., Ltd, which was responsible for the construction and operation of the Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station. Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station was the first large-scale commercial nuclear power station in China with two 984 MWe pressurized-water reactor units at a cost of 4 billion US dollars. .

Lingao Nuclear Power Station is equipped with two 938 MWe PWR, with two additional reactors being brought on line (one under construction and plans for one more). As of April 2007 approval is pending from the State Council for the planned reactor. China Nuclear Industry 23rd Construction Corporation (CNI-23), one of main contractors, undertook the installation of the nuclear islands during the construction of Lingao Nuclear Power Station.

Derry Bigby, Zhang Xiaoping & Norris McDonald (Lingao units in background)

The quantity of electricity produced at GNPS replaces the need to consume at least 3 million tonnes of coal per year, saving the annual discharge of at least 7.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide, 150,000 tonnes of sulfur dioxide, and many thousands of tonnes of nitrogen dioxide and airborne particulates from a coal fired power station into the environment.   Daya Bay has about 900 staff members for its operation and alll of the senior operators have to obtain a licence issued by the National Nuclear Safety Administration before they can start working in the control room.  GNPS still maintains a small team of international advisors, most of whom are French engineers from Electricite de France.

Zhang Xiaoping & Derry Bigby (center) with High School Students at Lingao reactor construction site

CLP made special arrangement for our tour and added students from Chan Wong Sok Fong Memorial Secondary School. They also arranged a very special lunch for everyone after the tour. The bus had to stop at an immigration office in Hong Kong as we left and another one in Mainland China right over the border. We had to repeat this going back to Hong Kong. Daya Bay is in Guangdong Province on the Mainland.

M.T. Richard Fung, Technical Manager, Hong Kong Nuclear Investment Company, conducted the tour at the Daya Bay nuclear power station complex. He is completely knowledgeable about every facet of the complex and provided a thorough tour experience for the Center and the Fong Secondary School students. Mr. Fung started with a video at the facility theater and proceeded to the education center where he answered all questions. Mr. Fung then assured that all participants were well informed about the Daya Bay units and the Lingao units. Mr. Fung is pictured at left with Center President Norris McDonald and above right in the center with the Fong High School students.

Shandong Haihua Group Company

The Center spent two days with the Shandong Haihua Group (SHG). The Center has been in discussions with representatives of SHG about energy issues facing the company. SHG produces many chemical products, including: soda ash, industrial bromine, calcium chloride, silica white, sodium silicate solid, potassium sulphate, magnesium chloride, melamine, sodium nitrite, sodium nitrate, fire extinguishers, hydrogen peroxide, methanol, amino-resin, carbohydrase, zinc oxide sebacic acid, among other chemical products. SHG is located about 30 miles from Weifang City in Shandong Province.

Representatives from SHG were instrumental in arranging for the Center to visit one of China’s leading economic development areas.  In addition to meeting with representatives of SHC to discuss energy and environmental needs, the Center will assess the needs of the entire Shandong Province and will make specific recommends to industry representatives and government officials.. 

Fenny Feng, Zhang Xiaoping, Norris McDonald, Zhong-Min Wang, Derry Bigby, Lu Xiaojing

The Center will examine the feasibility of getting investors to partticipate in mutually beneficial environmental projects with SHG.

Shandong Weifang Binhai Economic Development Area

We toured the development area, including the Bohai Bay area. The Shandong Weifang Binhai Economic Development Area, a leading Chinese economic development agency, is commissioning SHG to build two additional 200 MW electric and thermal plants to meet future expansion needs. BEDA currently has a 250 MW integrated heat-and power plant to provide electricity and process steam.

The Center was invited to discuss energy and clean air issues. BEDA was established in August 1995 and covers an area of 283 square kilometers (176 square miles).  BEDA is the largest modern chemical industrial production and export base in China.  BEDA has rich reserves of resources such as potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, bromine, and iodine.

The Center will examine the feasibility of getting investors to participate in mutually beneficial environmental projects with companies in the economic development area.

Global Warming and Carbon Dioxide Offsets

The Center is testing techniques for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from facilities in China.  We will promote the adoption of nuclear power as the most effective technology for producing electricity without generating any greenhouse gases.  According to the the International Energy Agency, China will produce more carbon dioxide than the United States by 2009.  The Center wants to mitigate global warming and China has to be included in any strategies to do so to be successful.

The Center is in the process of initiating a carbon dioxide offset program through our Green Carbon Dioxide Offset Bank (GCB).  We are also promoting a Carbon Mercantile Exchange to facilitate reductions in greenhouse, smog forming and atmospheric ozone depleting gases.

The GCB is a service that allows participants to reduce their "carbon footprint," the total carbon dioxide emissions created by driving, flying, using electricity and other activities. Nuclear power plants, like hydro and wind, do not emit any greenhouse or smog forming gases. Every time a carbon dioxide credit is purchased via the GCB, the credit holder will be designated with an equilavent fission credit certifying that the holder purchased emission free energy.

GCB's carbon dioxide credits are based on uprates at nuclear power plants, fission futures from new nuclear power plants and power plant license renewals. Fission carbon dioxide offset futures (fission futures) (FF), will be available upon submittal of applications to the NRC for license renewals, uprates and new nuclear power plants. These offsets are for new sources of emission free production of electricity. In addition to carbon dioxide, offsets can be taken for methane, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and mercury

We are promoting the utilization of nuclear power plants as a method for establishing carbon credits in China.  The Center will promote nuclear power as a legitimate source of carbon dioxide offsets through the United Nations Certified Emissions Reductions program.   GCB is also seeking certification for certain projects under the Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism.  We will also seek acceptance of the Green Carbon Bank offsets at the World Bank and Asian Development Bank. 

China Center Director Zhang Xiaoping and Norris McDonald at Daya Bay nuclear power plant

Center for Environment, Commerce & Energy

Trip to China

Center staff landed in Beijing on April 3, 2007 and we were briefed by the staff of Tsinghua University's Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, High Temperature Reactor (HTR) General Design Division. We were briefed by Dr. Dong Yujie, Director of the HTR Division, Dr. Wang Hong, Associate Professor of the HTR Division and Jiang Yan.

The Center was invited to Tsinghua University by HTR Director Dong Yujie. They presented a compreshensive description of their groundbreaking Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR). It is the only operational reactor of this type in the world. In the diagram below helium drives the generators In the Tsinghua research reactor the helium heats water in a secondary loop to produce steam to drive the turbine generators.

China plans to patent its own reactors and PBMR will be one of those technologies. China is also working with Westinghouse to develop another third generation nuclear power plant design

Derry Bigby, Zhang Xiaoping & Norris McDonald

The Tsinghua University design is similar to the layout of a pressurized water reactor (PWR). The South African utility Eskom is designing and planning to build a PBMR based on the design above, which is similar to the boiling water reactor (BWR) design. The pebbles that house the uranium or mixed oxide (MOX) fuel are pictured below. Hundreds of thousands of these pebbles make up the reactor core.

The research reactor is about 50 miles northwest of Beijing near the Tianshou Mountains at the Badaling section of the Great Wall, which is the most popular spot for foreign tourists in China visiting the Wall. You can see part of the Great Wall from the reactor site. The PBMR research site is the white structure to the right and behind Center staff and Dr. Hong in the photo at right..

Center staff, accompanied by Dr. Wang Hong, right, traveled along the Baldaling Highway to the university research site. The site actually includes many different research projects, including a wind farm (photo below), fuel cell research facility and wastewater treatment project.

The Tsinghua team was very gracious and allowed us to look around the entire facility.

Tsinghua is now planning to build a demonstration PBMR near Weifang in Shandong Province. A successful demonstration plant will lead directly to commercialization throughout China. There is still some public concern about nuclear power in China. It is apparent by the distance between Tsinghua University and the research reactor. HTR Division staff did not enthusiastically receive a recommendation from the Center to build a demonstration facility on campus to replace the coal plant that provides heat for the university.

Note the pebbles pictured above. Although this thrid generation reactor has many improved features, managing the spent pebbles will be a challenge. They might just have to be buried in an appropriate geological repository. We prefer reprocessing of spent urainium because 90 percent of the energy remains in the fuel after initial use.

After passing through security gates at the PBMR facility we observed the model in the foyer and then moved to the security entrance. We put shoe covers on and went to the control room.

Tsinghua will conduct another test of the facility later this year while plans are being made to construct the demonstration plant in Shandong Province.

The Center is recommending that China should build at least 400 reactors over the next twenty years. Although this number sounds very large, we believe China has the unique ability to complete such a project. The reactors should be 1,000 megawatts and they should be constructed underground close to urban centers to reduce transmission losses. This Great Nuclear Wall would provide electricity for 400 million homes. As China continues to grow and develop, this should provide sufficient electrical power for all sectors of the society. The side benefits would be reduced greenhouse gas emissions and a reduction in smog forming gases.

The Tsinghua University INET team gave us a tour of the campus and treated us to marvelous lunches at the faculty cafeterias.

The circling dinner table is a great Chinese innovation. Everyone gets to sample some of the dishes on the table. The lunch also provided everyone with an opportunity to learn a little more about each other outsde of the technical discussions of the presentations and research reactor tour.

Derry Bigby and Zhang Xiaoping at the Entrance of Tsinghua University President's Residence

Norris & Xiaoping below at the Entrance of INET Before the trip to the Pebble Bed Modular Reactor Facility tour

Norris & Xiaoping below Outside of the PBMR Research Reactor Building

Center for Environment, Commerce & Energy

Trip to China

What is unique about this snapshot of one little section of Beijing?

We left Beijing on April 8, 2007. We originally planned to go by train to Weifang to tour a chemical manufacturing facility but no trains were operating during the day on Sunday. The intention was to see more of the countryside in China, but an eight-hour nighttime ride would not accomplish this mission. We decided to fly and booked tickets at the hotel.

McDonald and Zhang outside of the Nanyuan check in area. McDonald and Bigby inside the terminal

We flew out of Nanyuan Airport, which is 9 miles south of downtown Beijing. Nanyuan Airport is a new and relatively small airport that was converted from a military base to a commercial airport. Nanyuan Airport is situated in the Fengtai District and is closer to downtown Beijing than Beijing Capital International Airport. Although the airport is not fancy, the China United Airlines jets are great and so was the flight to Weifang.

 

One interesting thing about the airport security is that a security guard required Norris McDonald to take a puff from his asthma inhaler. That was a first for him. During the flight to Weifang we saw hundreds of miles of plastic coverings in the agricultural areas. We later found out that these were greenhouses that are used to grow crops yeararound.. The ground level smog was palpable as we approached Weifang. The level of air pollution was very bad. We were driven to our hotel by representatives from the Shandong Weifang Binhai Economic Development Area.

Meeting with Economic Development Area representatives

Our meeting with the representatives from the Shandong Weifang Binhai Economic Development Area (SWB-EDA) went very well. We met in a hotel meeting room and our respective translators transmitted our exchanges very efficiently. After the formal meeting we had a great lunch.

Center staff toured the Shandong Haihua Group (SHG) chemical manufacturing facility It is a massive facility with cooling towers and power plants. There are salt ponds nearby where salt is skimmed. The ponds are charged by saltwater aquifers. There were miles of these ponds as our team was driven in from the airport. The Bohai Bay and Bohai Sea are nearby.

Cooling Towers at the SHG Facility

SHG Headquarters below

Derry, Lu Xiaojing and Norris

In China, they call the famers peasants. Well these peaants are royalty to us. They feed 1.4 billion people everyday in China.

The greenhouse is one of probably hundreds of thousands that we saw during the plane ride to Weifang. The plastic is held up with bamboo and is supported by a mud-straw wall. You almost have to crawl in through a small opening and the greenhouses are stuffed with the best tomatoes and other produce you have ever seen. There is irrigation and platic covers over the drip irrigation down the rows of plants. The evaporation is caught and reused by the plastic. There are straw rolls all along the top of the greenhouse (see picture at right) and are rolled down at night to maintain the heat and rolled back up in the morning to utilize solar radiation. They grow vegetables yeararound in these greenhouses.

The elegant lady farmer being hugged by Zhang Xiaoping was ashamed of her clothes and did not want to take the picture. We assured her that she was beautiful and a great symbol of the dynamic society of China. Derry holds some of the thousands of tomatoes that were in the one greenhouse above. And it is just April.

Center for Environment, Commerce & Energy

Trip To China

CLP Group & Guangdong Daya Bay Nuclear Power Complex

The Center team left Weifang and took a taxi to Tsingtao about an hour and a half away. There are no flights from Weifang to Hong Kong or Shenzhen. Tsingtao is famous for its beer. It is a coastal city and is undergoing explosive growth. Building cranes were everywhere. During the ride to Tsingtao, the team observed more of the massive tree planting campaign that China has undertaken. Everywhere the Center team went, trees were planted. China has planted the equivalent of several major forests in tree planting programs. Every highway, urban and suburban area and even rural areas are covered with new tree plantings.

Shenzhen is a prosperous area of 10 million people that is close to Hong Kong, a city of 7 million people. The process of going from the Mainland city of Shenzhen to Hong Kong was interesting. The Center team caught a bus to an area near the Customs station. We were advised that it was a 10 minute walk to the Customs station. After meeting with a Customs agent to modify Zhang Xiaoping's entry pass, the team took a train into Hong Kong, where we processed through the Hong Kong Customs station. The subway trains are new and have about 20 cars with no dividers between each train. It is actually hard to see the front and the back of the train. The trains are packed with people and arrive about every five minutes. It was about a 40 minute train ride into Kowloon (part of Hong Kong across the bay from Hong Kong Island).

Below left with CLP staff and below right with Yan Oi Tong students at nuclear model and display exhibition hall at Daya Bay nuclear complex

Our meeting with Dr. Gail Kendall and Simeon Cheng at the CLP Headquarters was informative. We discussed general environmental issues and focused on air and energy issues in Hong Kong during most of the meeting.

CLP is a huge international conglomerate. CLP Holdings had operating earnings of almost $10 billion in 2006 with total assets of $131 billion. CLP Holdings Limited is the holding company for the CLP Group of companies. It is listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange and is one of the largest investor-owned power businesses in Asia. CLP has operations in Hong Kong, Australia, Chinese Mainland, India, Southeast Asia and Taiwan.

We support CLP's stated strategy for continuing to deliver dependable electricity and environmental protection. CLP plans to utilize a combination of LNG, increased use of ultra-low sulphur coal, completion of the emissions reductions project to retrofit Castle Peak (caol-fired unit), promotion of renewable energy and energy conservation. CLP is also expanding the nuclear energy complex at Daya Bay. We would only add that CLP should utilize more nuclear power in its portfolio. We also understand that LNG is crucial to the continued operation of Black Point Power Station, which currently receives gas from the Yacheng gas field near Hainan Island. The field will not be able to sustain sufficient production early in the next decade.

CLP has a large renewables portfolio, which includes a number of subsidiaries and projects. The projects in Mainland China include 3 wind turbines in Nanao, 16 MW hydro power project in Huaiji, wind turbines in Shuangliao, Changdao, Weihai Rongcheng, biomass in Boxing and hydro in Jiangbian. CLP will also complete construction of two 600 MW coal-fired supercritical units in 2007. (Source: CLP 2006 Annual Report)

Dr. Gail Kendall is familiar with all of CLP's operations and she enthusiastically responded to our probing questions. She is quite aware that our mission is to see if we can figure out ways to assist CLP with its mission of providing electricity in the most environmentally friendly ways possible. Although they are very large and we are very small, both of us are powerful in our own unique ways. And one never knows where the next big idea will come from. We appreciate that Dr. Kendall took time out of her busy schedule to field our inquiries.

The two reactors at Daya Bay Power Station and the Lingao Nuclear Power Station are identical. These 4 reactors are being supplemented by the addition of two more at this location.

The Daya Bay Power Station is magnificient.

Lingao Nuclear Power Station, below, is beautiful too

Note the back door entrance and mirrors on the bus. There is also a front door. Below is the palm tree entrance to the nuclear power complex

CLP arranged to have a bus pick the Center team up at our hotel in Kowloon. Mr. Wan was

the tour guide and he met the Center team promptly at 7:30 a.m. The bus stopped at the Yan Oi Tong Secondary School at Tuen Mun to pick up approximately 30 students. Everyone had to go through Customs on the Hong Kong side and the Mainland side. We had to repeat the process coming back to Hong Kong.

The touring party viewed a video about the Daya Bay Complex at the Public Information Center. The group then took a tour around the nuclear models and displays in the exhibition hall. The group then boarded the bus and stopped at the 38 meter high platform to view the Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station. Everyone reboarded the bus for the short drive to the Lingao Nuclear Power Station viewing platform.

After the tour everyone went to lunch where the students laughed at the Center's Americans trying to use the chop sticks. Actually, Center President Norris McDonald is very good with chop sticks having worked in a Japanese gift shop during his college years. The chicken dish was just slippery. The rest of the meal went very well, chop sticks and all.

The Center team accomplished all of the trip objectives at this point and the next day (Saturday) was a site seeing day. Click 'More' above to see descriptions of the adventures. The last page will also include pictures of site seeing in Beijing and Weifang.

Below is construction on the fifth units at the Daya Bay Complex. Cranes to the right are beginning construction on the 6th unit at the complex.

Zhang Xiaoping and Norris McDonald in front of the containment dome head for the containment dome above.

Center for Environment, Commerce & Energy

Trip To China

Observations and Sightseeing

The two weeks in China were enlightening. From the time Norris McDonald and Derry Bigby left Dulles Airport through meeting China Office Director Zhang Xiaoping at Beijing Airport, this trip accomplished all of its missions and has led to opportunities for future partnerships. At the end of each day and for a full day on the last Saturday, the Center team experienced the rich nighlife and sightseeing that China and Hong Kong have to offer.

One of our favorite places in Beijing was Houhai, which has a huge lake in front with stores, restaurants and outdoor seating. The video at left captures some of the atmosphere at this special location. Center President also had his picture drawn while peasants from nearby looked on completely fascinated.

 

 

 

 

 

The Center team was joined by Zhang Xiaoping's daughter, BoBo (she said she prefers to be called this), who is s college senior. As impressive as the Great Wall are the terraces dug into the surrounding mountains to obtain the stone and materials for the wall. MIles and miles of terraced mountains show that millions of people particupated in constructing this wall over hundreds of years. It is truly a wonder of the world and an incredible human achievement

The Center team operated from the Xiuan Hotel, which happened to be about three blocks from the Beijing Zoo (See below)

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The crowds at the Mall are unlike anything you see in the United States. They are packed with goods and people. There are people everywhere, both inside and outside. It is a tradition to bring your host a gift so we went shopping for a gift for one of our hosts.

We travelled all over Beijing by taxi. Xiaoping was invaluable in communicating with the taxi drivers. Of course, she was invaluable everywhere we went because her translation skills smoothes out any wrinkles that migh have occurred in our travels. See taxi video below.

One of our favorite stops was the Lotus Blue Bar and Restaurant.

We travelled on to Weifang after Beijing and the adventures continued. One of the best stops was at a greenhouse that was growing tomatoes. The peasants were very friendly and the garden inside the greenhouse was awesome.

There was also a very funny taxi cab ride. Derry Bigby had trouble getting out of the taxi

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The nightlife in Weifang was fascinating and the sightseeing in Hong Kong on the last leg of the trip was exciting.

 

A lake in a park across the street from our hotel in Weifang